明鏡塾 Active Business English Lesson (Class A2) ~Reading~

This is the articles for the reading lesson.After reading it, you will be asked some questions about what are described on it.

Putin to run for Russian presidency in 2012


Vladimir Putin on Saturday agreed to run for the Russian presidency in 2012, almost certainly ensuring his return to the office he previously held for eight years and likely foreshadowing more years of strongman rule. His United Russia party also approved his proposal that the current president Dmitry Medvedev take over his Putin’s role as prime minister.

Putin ruled Russia as president from 2000-2008 with a steely command that was widely criticized in the West as a retreat from democracy. Because constitutional changes have extended the presidential term to six years from four, Putin’s power is likely to be even more enhanced. If he wins two terms in a row, Putin will have been atop the Russian hierarchy for almost a quarter century.

Putin’s nomination at a congress of the United Russia party ends months of intense speculation as to whether he would seek to return to the Kremlin or he would allow the more mild-mannered and reform-leaning Medvedev to seek another term in next year’s election.

Despite apparently growing discontent among ordinary Russians with the party, United Russia exerts such an overwhelming presence in the country’s politics that Putin’s election and Medvedev’s switch to the premiership are certainly ensured.

Not only have genuine opposition parties been marginalized, but Putin’s personal popularity is immense among Russians who laud him as the strong and decisive figure needed by a sprawling country troubled by corruption, an Islamist insurgence and a vast gap between the impoverished and the grandiosely super-rich.

MOSCOW (AP) 110925 – partially modified.

 

The new words on this article are a little bit difficult for the beginners of Class A2 so that those are listed in Japanese.

 

New Words 111003

 

ensure vt 地位などを確保する
previously adv 以前は
foreshadow vt 将来のことなどを予め示す
strongman n 独裁者
steely a 堅固な
criticize vt 非難する
retreat n 後退
constitutional a 組織上の
enhance vt 既に優れた資質を更に高める
atop prep 頂上に
hierarchy n 階層制度
intense a 激しい
speculation n 思惑
mild-mannered a 温厚な
reform-leaning a 改革指向の
apparently adv 実際はともかく見たところでは
discontent n 不平不満
exert vt 威力をふるう
overwhelming a 圧倒的で抵抗できない
premiership n 首相の座
marginalized vt 人を軽んじる
immense a 巨大な
laud vt 賛美する
decisive a 圧倒的な
sprawling a 無様に伸びる
corruption n 汚職
insurgence n 反乱
vast a 莫大な
impoverish vt 国を貧しくする
grandiosely adv 偉そうに