会員用:入塾試験(リスニング)

I. Practice for the Comparative (比較)

The Shinkansen train is fast. (原級)
The Hikari super express is (faster than) the Kodama super express. (比較級)
The Nozomi super express is (the fastest of all) the Shinkansen trains. (最上級)
The Sakura super express is (as fast as) the Nozomi super express now. (原級)

* The super express in Japan is so called “the Shinkansen train.”

II. Listening and asked questions

Today we prepare an announcement as a part of the entrance exam to the 2015 English Expression 1 Class. You can often hear one on the Shinkansen train after leaving Shin-Osaka station:

Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the Shinkansen. This is the Nozomi super express bound for Tokyo. We will be stopping at Kyoto, Nagoya, Shin-Yokohama, and Shinagawa stations before arriving at Tokyo terminal. The conductor’s room is in the car No.8. Smoking is not allowed on this train except in the designated smoking rooms located cars No.3, 7, and 15. The smoking room in the car No.10 is for the passengers on green cars. Wireless Internet services are available on this train between Shin-Osaka and Tokyo. Thank you.

Questions
(1) Where and when can this announcement be heard?
(2) How many stations does it stop until (it arrives at) Tokyo terminal?
(3) At what station does it stop before (stopping at) Shin-Yokohama station?
(4) What is it in the Car No.8?
(5) Is smoking allowed on it, of course, except in the designated areas?
(6) Where can the passengers who want to smoke be smoking?
(7) Where are the designated smoking rooms located on it?
(8) For whom is the smoking room in the car No.10?
(9) What is available between Shin-Osaka and Tokyo?

Memo

<解答例と解説>

Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the Shinkansen. This is the Nozomi super express bound for Tokyo. We will be stopping at Kyoto, Nagoya, Shin-Yokohama, and Shinagawa stations before arriving at Tokyo terminal. The conductor’s room is in the car No.8. Smoking is not allowed on this train except in the designated smoking rooms located cars No.3, 7, and 15. The smoking room in the car No.10 is for the passengers on green cars. Wireless Internet services are available on this train between Shin-Osaka and Tokyo. Thank you.

和訳(日本語の社内放送を参考に)
今日も新幹線にご乗車いただきありがとうございます。この列車は、のぞみ○○○号、東京行きです。停まります駅は、京都、名古屋、新横浜、品川です。車掌室は8号車です。この列車は全席禁煙席です。喫煙ルームは、3号車、7号車、15号車にございます。グリーン車専用の喫煙ルームは10号車にございます。新大阪から東京までの間、無線LANがご利用になれます。

Questions and Answers as an instance

(1) Where and when can this announcement be heard?
It can be heard in the Shinkansen Train departed at Shin-Osaka Station. (Especially, in Nozomi super express)

(2) How many stations does it stop until (it arrives at) Tokyo terminal?
It stops at four stations (before arriving at Tokyo terminal).

(3) At what station does it stop before (stopping at) Shin-Yokohama station?
It stops at Nagoya station.

(4) What is it in the Car No.8?
It is the conductor’s room in the Car No.8.   conductor’s room 車掌室

(5) Is smoking allowed on it, of course, except in the designated areas?
No it isn’t. Smoking is not allowed in the Shinkansen train except in the designated areas.   designate (明確に)指示(指定)する

(6) Where can the passengers who want to smoke be smoking?
They can be smoking in the designated smoking areas.
元の文章の構造(parse)を、きちんと説明できますか?(高校1年生第1学期程度)どこまでが主語かを見定めること。

(7) Where are the designated smoking rooms located on it?
The designated smoking rooms are in the car No.3, 7, 10, and 15.

(8) For whom is the smoking room in the car No.10?
It is for the passengers on (the) green cars.  a green car ≒ 1st class car

(9) What is available between Shin-Osaka and Tokyo?
Wireless internet services are available.
公衆無線LANのことをHot Spotといいますが、JR東海では上記のように訳しています。勿論、この言い方でも完全に伝わっています。