ミニテスト Mini Test 151116 (解答編) 他動詞型

ミニテスト

以下の各語彙について、日本語で意味を書き、例文を各一つ作成せよ。(TOEIC600) ※時間制限なし

他動詞型(目的語を取るもの)

 

live up to  期待や責任に応える、主義などに従って恥じない行動をする

He has been the man to live up to his parents’ expectation for a long time.

 

come up to  ~に達する、~のすぐ傍までやってくる、期待に沿う

The water came up to his waist when he had a bad flood after the typhoon.

 

catch up with  ~に追いつく、後から調整する  overtake

We cannot catch up with her any more.

You have to work hard to catch up with the math class.

 

drop in at  予告も無しにふらっと立ち寄る  visit without schedule

Prof. Tanaka often drop in at my house to drink and talk to me.

 

stand up for  (人や権利などを)擁護する、支持する  defend

Our company will stands up for your projects.

 

give in to  人を叱りつける、やっつける  submit to

I’ll surely give in to him soon to have my sister’s revenge.

 

make do with  (不十分ながら)~で間に合わす  manage with

There was nothing to eat in my storages, so I had to make do with instant noodles.

 

fill in for  ~の代理を務める、穴埋めをする  substitute for

She filled in for me while I was absent from school because of my flu.

 

keep up with  (時代などに)負けずについていく、交際を続ける(頻出)

My grandpa kept up with the times and his foresights were wonderful.

 

make up for  ~を補う  compensate for

That troopers should make up for a shortage of ammo immediately.

 

come down with  ~の病気にかかる

We all are so much worried by her illness which she came down with.

 

come down to  結局~に行きつく、~に帰着する(頻出)

It has come down with a single choice between to let it go or to go back.

 

fall short of  ~に不足する(事態に陥る)

The result of doing research fell short of the expectations of the directors.

 

※必ず例文を書いて覚えるようにしてください。実際の勉強や仕事でこなれたフレーズを使うように心がけてください。それ以外に実務運用能力の向上は図れません。